How To Do Funnel Analysis In Funnel Exploration Report in GA4?

How To Do Funnel Analysis In Funnel Exploration Report in GA4?

How to do funnel analysis in GA4? You can create funnel exploration reports, add custom steps and, dimensions, and apply comparisons, and filters.

By: Mussarat Nosheen | 4 mins read
Published: Nov 30, 2023 5:50:08 AM | Updated: Feb 23, 2024 07:06:22 AM

Do you want to explore your conversion funnels but are not sure how to do funnel analysis in GA4?

Funnel analysis was a predefined feature in Universal Analytics, with the E-commerce funnel as the most useful. 

With Google Analytics 4, you have more power to create custom reports and 

What is a Funnel Analysis?

Funnel Analysis is the process of understanding the steps involved in getting a desired outcome, say a conversion, and tracking the users going through each step.

The number of users shrinks, from the number of visitors to a landing page to the number of click-throughs to the ones converting.

So, the graphical analysis takes the shape of a funnel, where the subscribers or buyers are considerably fewer than the ones initially visiting. 

Hence the name, funnel analysis

How to Do Funnel Analysis in GA4?

Funnel analysis in GA4 involves analyzing the users acquired and their movement through the various stages of the conversion funnel. 

Thankfully, GA4 offers Funnel Exploration in its Exploration reports

A customizable visual report where you can quickly build and analyze your funnel stages.

To create a funnel exploration report in GA4, use the following steps. 

Create a Funnel Exploration Report in GA4

  • Go to Google Analytics 4 > Explore >  Explorations, click Funnel Exploration

Create a Funnel exploration report to perform funnel analysis in GA4

  • You will find a Funnel exploration report with default settings, a Variables tab, and a Settings tab to the left. It has a bar graph funnel and a table at the bottom.

Funnel exploration report in GA4 with default settings

Funnel Exploration table in GA4 with default settings.

  • You can select the Dimensions, Metrics, Segments, and Date Range in the Variables tab.

 Variables and settings tabs in Explorations report in GA4

  • The settings tab allows you to choose how to Visualize (standard or trended funnel), the steps involved in the funnel analysis, and the application of Breakdown and Filters.

Customize the Date Range in Funnel Exploration 

  • Let us begin by increasing the date range to 30 days and giving our funnel analysis report a name. 

Variables and settings tabs in Explorations report in GA4

Interested in learning more about Google Analytics 4? Register for our live training session on GA4 now.

 

Visualize in the Trended Funnel Format

  • Let us learn about the funnel performance over time by switching to the Trended Funnel from Visualization in the Settings tab. 

Switch from standard funnel into  trended funnel to understand the performance of the funnel in GA4

 

  • Unlike the traditional bar graph, the trended funnel consists of a line graph. A separate line represents the performance of each step. 

Trended funnel report for the funnel analysis in GA4.

  • Notice how you can view individual trends by clicking their relevant tab in the graph.

Highlight individual steps in trended funnel graph in the funnel exploration analysis in GA4

Choose an Open Funnel

The default funnel in GA4 is closed, where a user can only enter at the start of the funnel. So, they may drop out later and still get considered.

An open funnel considers users who enter at any stage. 

  • Interested in finding out about the users entering the funnel at any step; try the Open Funnel option in Settings

Make open funnel in funnel exploration in GA4

Open funnel exploration in GA4

Build Custom Steps in Funnel Exploration in GA4

You can add more customization by building up to 10 customized steps. First, switch back to the Standard Funnel.

  • To create your steps, delete the unwanted predefined steps in the Steps section of the Settings tab. 

Delete steps to create your custom steps

  • Now click the pencil icon to add or edit steps. 

  • We have removed the purchase step and are adding a product view step. Click the Add step at the bottom of the Edit funnel steps

Edit funnel step in funnel exploration report in GA4

  • In the new step, add the name of the newly created step, and pick the action performed in the step by clicking Add new condition. You can add a new condition with the And and Or buttons. 

Add new step in funnel exploration report in GA4

  • Once complete, you may find the option to select if the step is directly followed by; or is indirectly followed by.

Choose is indirectly followed by for the new steps in funnel exploration in GA4

  • When done, click Apply at the top right of the Edit funnel steps

Apply the newly created steps in funnel exploration report in GA4

  • The funnel exploration now shows your newly created steps. 

New steps seen implemented in funnel exploration.

Create and Compare Segments 

Compare various segments of your customers by adding them to the Segments in the Variables tab. 

Let us create a custom non-US Segment and compare it with the US Segment

  • Switch back to Standard Funnel and click the plus sign next to Segment.

Segments in explorations in GA4

  • Build a New Segment tab opens, and select User segment.

Select user segment to create a new segment about non-US visitors in funnel explorations in GA4

  • Define the segment in a new tab. 

Define custom segment in explorations in GA4

  • Click Add new condition to go to the drop-down menu, go to Geography, select Country ID, click Add filter to select does not exactly match, choose US from the dropdown, and click Apply
  • Then click Save and apply at the top right corner of the tab.

Custom segment defined for non-US audience

  • Go to the funnel exploration report to view the comparison between US and non-US audiences.

Custom segment defined for non-US audience

  • You will see the US and Non-US Segments in the Segment Comparisons in the Settings tab. If not, drag them from Segments in Variables to see the visual comparisons.

Drag from the Segments to the Comparison Segments to see the comparison in the funnel exploration report.

  • Notice how hovering the cursor on one of these bars highlights the entire Segment in the funnel.

Hover the cursor over a bar in the funnel exploration report in GA4 to see the entire segment highlighted.

Apply Breakdown

  • Go to Breakdown in the Settings tab, Drop or select dimension, and choose to apply a breakdown into the Funnel Exploration report in GA4. We picked Gender

Hover the cursor over a bar in the funnel exploration report in GA4 to see the entire segment highlighted.

Breakdown data showing in the funnel exploration report in GA4

Find the Next Action

  • To learn what the users do after a step in the funnel, we click Next Action in the Settings tab, adding the Event name. Then, hover the cursor over the bars to find details.

Breakdown data showing in the funnel exploration report in GA4

Add next action to find where the users go after performing an action in funnel exploration report in GA4

Find Elapsed Time

Learn about the time elapsed between the steps by toggling the Show Elapsed Time.

  • Go to Settings, then slide the Show Elapsed Time on and hover over the funnel bars to find the average time users take between two steps.

Turn on show time elapsed to find the average time between the steps in the funnel exploration report in GA4

  • You may also find it in the table below the funnel exploration graph. 

Time elapsed data in the table in the funnel exploration report in GA4

Apply Filters

  • You may apply Filters from the Settings tab to further drill down into your data. But you should have the relevant dimension in the Dimensions tab. 
  • And done, you got yourself a Funnel Analysis Report in Google Analytics 4

You can return to the report to see the detailed funnel analysis you built for your data.

You may share it in an uneditable form by clicking the share sign at the top right of the report.

Conclusion

This blog explains how to do funnel analysis in GA4.

Funnel analysis studies the steps involved in getting a desired outcome, conversion, and following the customers along these steps. 

You can do so by creating a Funnel Exploration report in GA4.  It is a customizable technique in Explorations that creates visual analytics reports. 

You can customize the date range, add or remove dimensions, choose between standard and trended funnel, or opt for an open funnel instead of a closed one. 

Or create an entirely customized funnel exploration by creating custom steps and drilling down into a specific funnel.

You may also create new segments, compare segments, show elapsed time, and apply breakdowns and filters

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